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What soil love cucumbers and at what temperature they grow


Cucumbers - green sweet juicy vegetable that grows with every gardener in the garden. Plants they are quite capricious and require attentive care. What kind of soil they like and at what temperature they grow will be discussed later in our article.

What soil love cucumbers

For the cultivation of cucumber soil should be almost neutral. You can use a weak acid. In such conditions, the plant will give a rich and high-quality crop. If the earth is acidic, then it must be alkalized, or the plant will simply gradually die.

For this you need to make limestone. On average, 1 square meter will require 500 grams of the mixture. At this place, cucumbers can be grown for another two years, and then change the place of growth.

Soil typePH levelSummer temperatureSuitability for cucumber
Peat-bog and marsh-podzolic3,0-5Big differential day and nightUnsuitable, requires strong liming and protection from temperature extremes
Podzol, sod-podzolic, red earth4,5-5,6From 8.8 ° C at a depth of 20 cmNot suitable, requires deoxidation and the creation of warm beds, making humus
Gray Forest4,5-6,5From 15 ° C at a depth of 20 cmSuitable, in some cases requires a little liming
Frosty taiga4,5-7,3LowIt is of little use, in some cases requires liming and the creation of warm beds.
Chernozem, sierozem, chestnut6,5-7,5From 15 ° C at a depth of 20 cmIt is suitable.
Carbonate, Saline, Saline7,5-9,5From 15 ° C to 25 ° C at a depth of 20 cmIt is of little use, requires strong alkalisation, release from salts, enrichment with humus.
Cucumbers love neutral soil

Soil preparation for planting seedlings

The best soil for growing cucumbers is considered to be high in moisture. By type, loamy soils are best. Sand is best avoided, as the plants simply will not have enough water. Cucumbers love warm air and bright sunshine.

They are better planted on flat land. There will not be enough moisture on the hills, as it will drain into the lowlands, and the lowlands will accumulate too much water, which can lead to decay of the roots.

Also in the lowland the air temperature will be slightly lower, and cucumbers are very fond of warmth. Therefore, it is recommended to plant cucumbers in late May.

When planting cucumbers, it is better to avoid sandy soils.

How to check soil acidity

Before planting seedlings in the ground it is necessary to check its acidity. At home, the easiest way to carry out the reaction with regular vinegar. To do this, take a handful of earth, put it on a glass bowl. Ironware is better not to use, it can give a false result.

Pour vinegar over the soil. If the environment is neutral or alkaline, then the reaction will proceed and hissing will occur, bubbles will appear. Everyone carried out such a reaction at least once in his life when he was preparing pastries or pancakes. If the reaction does not happen, then it is sour and it must be lime. For these purposes, use dolomite flour, ground limestone. This should be done in the fall. Therefore, the place for future cucumbers to choose after harvest.

Other popular methods, see the table:

Indicator PlantsSoil reaction and suitability for cucumbers
Horse sorrel, horsetail, florets, blueberries, mosses, meadow grassHigh acidity. Requires a strong liming.
Lingonberry, wild rosemary, oxalite mountaineer, mint, bearberry, wading zolotnichka, "cat's foot"Average acidity. Required deoxidation.
Bell broadleaf, hairy sedge, kupena, shieldsLow acidity or neutral soil. Suitable for cucumbers.
Coltsfoot, yarrow, pharmacy chamomile, meadow clover, wild strawberry, quinoa, nettle, shepherd's purse, sow thistle, slytNeutral soil. Suitable for cucumbers.
Sedge hairy, "goose foot", wormwood, Vika, alfalfa, Arzhan meadow, fireless fireLow alkaline soil. Suitable for cucumbers.
If the alkaline soil is watered with vinegar, then a reaction in the form of a hiss with bubbles should go.

The best predecessors for cucumbers

Cucumbers need to change the place of growth every few years. The more often you change, the better the harvest. The best forerunners are onions, cabbage, tomato, potatoes, rye, oats, and clover. You can not plant cucumbers after growing melons, pumpkins, cucumbers, squash.

This is due to the fact that these crops feed on the same minerals as cucumbers, thus depleting the soil. They also have common diseases, which may persist in the ground for the next season, to infect new plants.

Tomatoes are considered to be one of the best predecessors for cucumbers.

Spring tillage to plant

The soil should be loosened to saturate it with fresh oxygen. You can start from the end of May. It is also necessary to fertilize it with natural organic or mineral fertilizers. If it was carried out in the fall, then it is not necessary to fertilize it in the spring.

We must not forget to monitor the growth of weed plants in the prepared area.

They simply recycle all added minerals, so cucumbers may not be enough. For this you need to carry out periodic weeding. The smaller the plant, the less it consumed fertilizer.

Natural Organic Nutrition

Manure is better to make in the fall so that he has time to turn into humus. If the earth is heavy clay, then it should be fertilized not later than 30-40 days before planting cucumbers in the soil. Manure has a large number of large minerals. Nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, potassium - all these substances are contained in it. They are absorbed into plants and provide excellent yield. It is necessary to make about 6-9 kg per square meter of soil in the autumn.

Cucumbers need different types of dressings

An excellent option would be to use the place where the compost pit was previously located. At such a place will grow cucumbers in the open field. Humus will emit a large amount of heat and energy. Covering a thick film of seedlings from above will create a greenhouse effect. Moreover, from humus stand out a large amount of nutrients suitable for cucumbers.

Mineral fertilizers when growing crops

Ash is very similar in composition to potash fertilizers and can serve as an excellent substitute. It is usually 200 grams per square meter of soil. It is necessary to add ashes in the spring, after a soil loosening.

Complex fertilizers created artificially are widely used in gardening. Have a wide range.

Deciding which fertilizer is best needed individually. This question will help solve the consultant in a specialized store. Do not buy fertilizer on the markets and with the hands, as the exact composition of such liquids and powders is not known. This can harm future plants or spoil the soil.

Ash in its composition is similar to potash fertilizer

Required soil temperature in greenhouse and open field

The temperature of the ground in the root zone must be at least 20aboutC. Seeds germinate at lower night temperatures around 15aboutC. This is the minimum critical, but not dangerous temperature. Plants can still withstand it, but will rise quite a long time.

The harvest from such plants may not be the best, so it is better to grow them right away at home on the windowsill. If the temperature is below 12aboutC, it can be detrimental to the seeds. They will begin to freeze and stop growing. Therefore, it is better not to allow a critical temperature or cover the seedlings. Adult plants tolerate low temperatures better. The older the plant, the stronger it is. Seedlings better harden a couple of times before landing in the ground.

The best temperature for the growth of cucumbers - 24-25 degrees

To do this, you need to put it in a place with a low temperature a couple of times. Best of all cucumbers grow at a temperature of 24aboutWITH. At night, the optimum decrease should not be below 15aboutWITH. At too high temperatures, the plants die. Too high evaporation of moisture will lead to the oppression of the roots and the drying of the cucumber. The leaves will turn yellow and fall off. The resultant fruits will stop growing and dry out, after which they simply fall off.

Cucumbers require increased attention to themselves both during planting and subsequent care. They can be grown in a greenhouse (greenhouse), and in open ground. Greenhouses should be well lit so that the plant has enough light. Before you start growing them, you need to study all the nuances and determine your own capabilities.