In nature, pomegranate grows as a tree or shrub.. The name of the culture received the answer of the Latin word "granatus", which means fine-grained.
The fruits of this plant is quite large, painted in a rich red or burgundy color. Pomegranate pulp consists of many small grains.
In nature, pomegranate grows on the slopes of mountains or in rocky terrain., which explains the simplicity of the plant to the climate and soil composition.
Also such a tree adapts perfectly to the microclimate.
Description of dwarf garnet
Dwarf Pomegranate Growth depends on the variety, the average is 1 meter. Pomegranate flowers deserve special attention.
On the same tree, 2 kinds of flowers are formed at once:
- on some flowers, both the pistil and stamens are present, ovaries are formed on them, and later fruits appear, their shape resembles water lilies;
- another look is similar to bells, while flowers are asexual and carry only a decorative function.
The flowers are painted in bright, red tint and reach a diameter of 3 centimeters.
Scientists called pomegranate fruit "grenade", they reach 18 centimeters in diameter. The peel of these fruits is very dense, its color varies from light pink to dark red.Dwarf pomegranate is grown at home as an indoor flower
Up to 1,200 grains that are covered with a juicy, fleshy shell can be inside a single fruit. The taste of the flesh is sweet and sour, very juicy and refreshing, such fruits are very often used for making juice.
At home, a dwarf pomegranate is grown as a indoor flower, and the appearance of the fruit is a nice addition.
Is it possible to grow an ornamental plant at home?
Growing pomegranate at home is quite possible., among all fruit trees that are grown at home, pomegranate is the most unpretentious.
It is very easy to care for such a plant and you can get juicy fruits without any special efforts.
Miniature Nana grenades are grown in room conditions.. They begin to bloom after reaching a height of 40 centimeters, while bringing up to 10 edible fruits that differ from garden trees only in size (5-6 centimeters in diameter).
Usually, the following varieties of pomegranate are grown at home:
- Alba captivity - This variety does not bear fruit and is grown for large and beautiful flowers. They differ in terry structure and cream color, can reach up to 6 centimeters in diameter. The leaves of this variety are sinewy, dense, oval, slightly elongated, have a rich green color. Features of the variety is that it grows very quickly, but if desired, this process can be stopped by planting a plant in a small container.
- Carthage and Baby - the most common indoor varieties, trees grow to 50 centimeters in height, although there are instances with growth equal to 1 meter. On these plants there are a large number of flowers, and fruits appear, starting from 2 years of life.
Even in spite of the fact that several dozens of flowers may bloom at one time, on average, 3-4 ovaries are formed.Pomegranates of the Nana, Alba Captivity, Carthage and Baby breeds are grown in room conditions.
Pomegranate planting rules
To grow a dwarf pomegranate, you can use the seeds purchased in the store. The best time for planting seeds is the beginning of April.
Drainage is poured at the bottom of the box or container, then clean river sand, into which pomegranate seeds are pushed into 5 milliliters. Then the soil is moistened and closed with a film or glass, it is necessary to achieve the greenhouse effect.
After the emergence of the first shoots, you need to wait another 2 weeks, because the shoots of the grenade appear gradually.
As soon as 5-6 healthy leaves appear on the seedlings, it can be transplanted into separate pots, at the bottom of which drainage is poured out and a soil mixture is prepared from:
- 2 parts soil for citrus crops;
- 1 part sand;
- 1 part of biohumus.
Once the tree is in the pot it is necessary plenty of water to help early rooting.
In about a month, the first buds will appear on the cuttings, after which they can be transplanted into separate pots. Rooting will be much faster if you put a cutting in a growth stimulator for 6 hours before planting.
This method is less risky.because under such conditions all varietal qualities of the mother tree are preserved.
Care for indoor tree
In order for a pomegranate to develop well and please with its appearance, it needs to provide the necessary conditions.
|In spring and summer||The tree needs as much sunlight as possible and if the weather is warm outside, many housewives recommend bringing the plant to fresh air, for such purposes a normal balcony or loggia is perfect. Also during this period, watering the pomegranate should be regular and plentiful, in no case should the soil be allowed to dry out. During|
flowering and fruiting 1 time in 10-14 days the tree is fed complex mineral fertilizers. Fertilizer Etisso is used most often for pomegranate, it is sold in two forms, both for flowering plants and for green plants. It is worth remembering that during the fruiting pomegranate is watered with particular care, the soil must be wet, and an excess of moisture can cause cracking of the fruit. In addition to watering pomegranate sprayed with warm water once every two weeks.
|Autumn and winter||With the onset of autumn, the tree can throw off the foliage and go into a phase of peace. in order to create conditions close to natural for the tree, they reduce the amount of applied moisture by about 2-3 months and move the pot to a cool place. To prepare the plant for the winter, it is watered with a mullein extract prepared from 100 grams of manure and 1 liter of water.|
After the termination of the rest phase, approximately in mid-February, it is necessary gradually increase the amount of watering and move the plant back to sunlight.
Forming trimming will be another care item.. Dwarf garnet perfectly responds to such a procedure and it can be given almost any form, the choice of which depends only on personal preferences.
Such terms are not chosen by chance, in order not to damage the tree, work is carried out while it is at rest and there is no active sap flow.
In addition to all the procedures before reaching the age of 5, pomegranates are transplanted annually, gradually increasing the size of the pot from 100 to 500 milliliters, while it is desirable to choose a narrow shape of the container.
Adult plants instead of transplanting replace the top layer of soil.
How to grow indoor pomegranate:
Diseases and pests
Pomegranate, like any other plants susceptible to various diseases and peststhat you need to get rid of as quickly as possible.
Most often on such a plant are the following ailments:
|Disease||Description||Ways to fight|
|Mealy dew||A whitish bloom forms on the leaves of the affected plant, on which dark brown balls are located. The powdery mildew is the causative agent of powdery mildew. Usually, the disease occurs due to poor ventilation, temperature changes or humidity levels in the room. Airborne infection from other plants is also possible.||At the initial stages, the solution prepared from 5 grams of soda ash and 1 liter of water helps well, you can also add 5-10 grams of soap. If the powdery mildew is sufficiently running, then it will be necessary to carry out the treatment with chemicals, for example, fast, topaz or homa.|
|Branch cancer||The bark on the branches is cracked and spongy swellings can be seen on the edges of the chips. The cause of this disease may be mechanical damage or frostbite.||It is very difficult to get rid of this disease; the only way out is to cut the damaged branches with a sharp garden knife, to clean the wound with a disinfectant and to apply a thin layer of garden warrior.|
|Spots on the leaves||Spots appear on the leaves, the color of which varies from yellow to brown. Such damage indicates excessive soil moisture.||The plant must be transplanted into a new soil, if rotting has spread to the roots, then the affected parts are removed, and the cut is treated with crushed coal.|
|Whitefly and aphid||Pests feed on the foliage of the tree, which in turn greatly weakens it.||If there are few insects, they can be removed manually. Adult butterflies are cleaned with a conventional vacuum cleaner, and the larvae and aphids can be disposed of by treating the leaves with a solution of soap. You can also use special preparations.|
fitoderm, spark, karbofos, etc. Before each treatment, the soil is protected with a polyethylene film.
Pomegranate tree is considered one of the most unusual ornamental plants., but at the same time care for him is quite simple.
In addition to the expected fruits, it has an excellent appearance and aroma.