Hazel (Hazelnut) is one of the most popular nut crops, the taste of the fruits of which is familiar to everyone without exception. In addition to the attractive taste of hazel nuts have a high nutritional value for the human body, have healing properties.
Therefore, they are often included in the compositions of therapeutic diets, recipes of traditional medicine and cosmetology.
The composition of large fruits of hazel
Shrubs and hazel trees have a wide area of distribution. The range of the plant extends from the Baltic to the Far East, where it can be found on the edges of mixed forests or along the edges of ravines. The fruits of cultivated species of hazel are called hazelnuts.
100 g of hazel nuts contain:
- fats 62.6 g;
- proteins 13 g;
- carbohydrate 9.3 g;
- dietary fiber 6 g;
- organic acids 0.1 g;
- water 5.4 g;
- ash 3.6 g
Energy value - 653 kcal. Thus, 400 g of nuts completely covers the daily rate of calories for an adult, moderate physical activity.
- alpha tocopherol (E) 21 mg;
- nicotinic acid (PP) 4.7 mg;
- pyridoxine (B6) 0.24 mg;
- thiamine (B1) 0.46 mg;
- riboflavin (B2) 0.15 mg.
The nuts contain beta-carotene (0.042 mg), which in the body is converted to vitamin A (7 μg).
- potassium 445 mg;
- phosphorus 310 mg;
- calcium 188 mg;
- magnesium 160 mg;
- sodium 3 mg.
The nuts contain trace elements iron 5.6 mg, zinc 2.2 mg.
Useful and healing properties of the fruit and leaves of the hazel tree
The benefits of hazel are invaluable! The composition of large hazelnuts - the perfect combination of healthy fats, dietary fiber and protein. Dietary fiber slows the release of glucose, which contributes to the body's energy for a long time. This increases the endurance of the body and reduces recovery time after exercise. Therefore, the nuts will be useful to athletes, active children, people with increased physical activity at work.
Hazelnut nuts contain a record amount of potassium and magnesium. These macronutrients are participants in the regulation of acid-base balance, the heartbeat cycle, increasing the tolerance of oxygen deficiency by the myocardium (heart muscle).
Potassium in the body replaces sodium, the excess of which leads to the formation of excessive fluid and is a big burden on the heart. Potassium strengthens the walls of blood vessels, inhibiting the development of their permeability.
Nuts will be useful for:
- heart failure;
- coronary heart disease;
- senile wear of the myocardium;
- varicose veins;
- angina pectoris;
- sclerosis of cerebral vessels;
Phosphorus and calcium form a solid bone structure and are participants in remodeling (renewal) of the skeleton and teeth. Another function of phosphorus is the transfer, transformed from incoming food energy to the tissues of the muscles, brain and nerves. It accumulates in the phosphorus molecules and enters the blood, through which it is carried to all parts of the body. Therefore, muscle contraction and mental activity without phosphorus is impossible. Magnesium reduces nervous irritability and regulates respiratory functions.
Therefore, nuts are recommended to use when:
- increased mental activity;
- joint diseases;
- bronchopulmonary diseases;
- senile dementia.
Stable intake of iron in the body prevents the risk of anemia and supports the endocrine system.
Fatty acids in combination with minerals have a beneficial effect on the digestive system, help to heal ulcers and gastritis. They increase bile secretion and reduce blood toxicity. Therefore, nuts are included in the clinical nutrition of patients with hepatitis B.
Zinc is an essential element for men's health. He is involved in the production of male hormone - testosterone, which regulates the sexual functions and the quality of sperm.
Vitamin E regulates tissue renewal, which accelerates the healing of wounds, ulcerative lesions and skin irritations. For the ability to restore the natural collagen of the skin it is called beauty vitamin. Vitamin E is an antioxidant that promotes the removal of toxins from the body. Together with beta-carotene, it improves lung and respiratory function.
Vitamin PP is an indispensable participant in the formation of the immune system, metabolism, cellular respiration and oxidation-reduction reactions of the body. B vitamins regulate cell metabolism, promote the absorption of fatty acids and macronutrients.
Contraindications for use
Not without cost, of course, and without contraindications. Excessive consumption of hazelnuts causes headaches and digestive disorders. The daily rate of hazelnuts for an adult is 50 g, and for children 30 g. This is about 10-12 kernels.
Nuts are potential allergens. Therefore, they are excluded from the diet of people with body sensitization and autoimmune diseases. These are psoriasis, urticaria, diathesis and dermatitis. With diabetes, the daily nut rate is halved.
For people with liver and pancreas disease, it is important to consult a doctor before using the product. With obesity from the use of nuts is better to refuse.
The benefits of nuts during pregnancy and lactation
Structural changes occur in the woman’s body during the child’s birth. This is due to the emergence of pregnancy hormones progesterone and relaxin, weight gain and placenta pressure on the vessels. Therefore, to prevent complications and the full formation of the fetus requires a constant flow of nutrients from food.
The products recommended for pregnancy include hazel nuts. First of all, they provide a stable supply of the most important macronutrients: potassium, calcium and phosphorus. This strengthens the blood vessels, the failure of which causes complications during pregnancy - preeclampsia, varicose veins, edema.
Calcium and phosphorus are involved in the formation of the bone system of the fetus, thereby preventing the development of rickets. Mother's bone tissue is also strengthened, the load on which increases with each passing month.
Vitamin E is necessary for the formation of the respiratory system of the fetus. In addition, the substance contributes to the maturation of the placenta, regulates its functions and cellular metabolism, prevents detachment. Tocopherol is involved in the synthesis of the hormone prolactin, which provides lactation. Vitamin A is a participant in the formation of fetal visual pigments.
During pregnancy, the body increases the volume of circulating blood to feed the growing uterus. Accordingly, the need for iron, the main participant in blood formation, increases. Against this background, iron deficiency anemia often develops. Consuming nuts prevents this problem.
More caution is necessary to approach the use of nuts during lactation. It is an obligate allergen that can cause an inflammatory reaction in the child’s body. Therefore, hazel is recommended to be introduced into the diet gradually, after sampling less allergenic nuts: walnuts or pine. The recommended age of the child is 3-4 months.
Forest fruits in traditional medicine
Fruit kernels, leaves, plyus (green wrap of nutlets) and a bark of a filbert possess healing properties. The young leaves of the plant are harvested in May, and the bark in early spring or autumn.
- Urolithiasis disease. Frayed nuts (200 g) pour hot water (200 ml) and incubated for 1 hour. Take 50 ml 3 times a day. A positive result is achieved in 10 days.
- Anemia. Chopped nuts (200 g) are mixed with honey (40 g). Take 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day. This recipe will be useful for hypovitaminosis, muscular dystrophy, rheumatism, cardiac pathologies.
- Bronchopulmonary diseases. Crushed hazel kernels (100 g) are mixed with hot milk (150 ml). Take in the heated state of 50 ml 3 times a day. Treatment continues until positive results.
- Violation of potency Ground nuts (150 g) are mixed with goat milk (250 ml). Take 100 ml 3 times a day between meals.
- Dysentery. Dried plyus (20 g) pour water (200 ml) and put on a slow fire for 15 minutes. The remedy is infused for 1 hour and filtered. Take 4 times a day for 100 ml.
- Hypertension. Juice of young leaves are mixed with honey 1: 1. Take 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day between main meals.
- Jaundice. Crushed leaves (10 g) insist in white wine (200 ml) for 8 hours and add golden mustache juice (25 ml). Divided into 3 parts infusion taken during the day. Treatment lasts 12 days.
- Inflammation of the kidneys, liver. Hazelnut shell (2 tbsp. L.) Stripped with boiling water (0.5 liters), insist 12 hours. Strained infusion taken 3 times a day, 100 ml. Treatment continues for a week. The same tool will help to restore intestinal motility.
- Atherosclerosis. Finely chopped bark (40 g) is stripped in boiling water (0.5 l), infused for 2 hours. Take 2 tbsp. l 4 times a day for 10 days.
Hazelnuts are a worthy addition to the diet of adults and children. This is a tasty and nutritious product that strengthens the immune system every day, promotes good mood and vigor under any stress.