Growing strawberries in the country has long become a tradition. The development of a new territory near the house usually begins with the planning and distribution of the best areas between your favorite cultures.
By all the rules, strawberries are allocated the sunniest place.. Even a slight shadow does not affect the better for fruiting garden large-fruited strawberries, or strawberries - as they used to call it.
When is it better to plant garden strawberries - in spring or autumn?
It may seem strange, but strawberry is an evergreen plant, it does not have a rest period. Growth continues under the snow, but not as fast as spring.
Almost strawberries can be planted at any time of the year - the bush will not die.
So it is permissible to reason in two cases:
- urgently need to determine the seedlings on the bed;
- an opportunity to master the new site.
Planted at an unfortunate time, strawberries will surely survive. It may even bloom and give berries. But their quality and quantity will make one doubt either the planted variety or his talent as a gardener.
Their number is associated with the general development of the bush, the state of the roots and good nutrition in the second half of the year.
Strawberry planted in spring take full advantage of the stock of melt water and by August will form a powerful plant, but flower buds (even if they were) will give few berries. All the forces of the plant were directed to acclimatization in a new place.
Positive moment - powerful bush "Victoria" with large leaves over the summer synthesizes a lot of nutrients. These sugars are not only deposited in the false stem (the so-called "horns"), but also allow the plant to form fruit buds. In other words, you are laying the harvest for the next year.
Important advantages of planting strawberries in autumn:
- availability of quality planting material;
- usually at the end of the summer part of the beds is vacated;
- strawberry seedlings have time to settle well in a new place.
Autumn planting berry bushes and has a disadvantage. The end of summer in the continental climate is usually a dry and hot period. To plant planted normally rooted, it is necessary to control the situation.
Until the new leaves grow, the strawberries have not yet taken root. The whole period of time before this requires careful care (this is about two weeks):
- watering (only deep, otherwise the roots will remain on the surface, and the bush will constantly suffer from lack of water);
- loosening between the rows (it is necessary not only to save water, but also to deliver air oxygen to the growing roots).
These preparatory operations for laying strawberry beds will save you from "extra" work for at least two or three seasons.
Strawberries are best planted in narrow stripes oriented south-north. - With this arrangement, the sun lighting plants occur evenly throughout the day.
If your site is located on a slope, the rows should be placed only along the slope (no transverse rows - the very first shower will wash off your landings).
Shrubs best planted and transplanted about 25 centimeters apart. If the seedlings are weak - you can plant two seedlings in one hole.
Workshop on planting strawberries in the fall:
How and where to plant seedlings: stages, terms and more
The most important thing is to plant the bushes so that they grow as fast as possible. Then, by the winter, they will still have time not only to postpone the supply of nutrients, but also to plant flower buds for the next season.
Nothing will work out if the strawberry bush is planted with deepening or, conversely, too high. Such bushes will significantly lag behind in development and, most likely, will not bloom.
Most often purchased seedlings go a long way until they get to the garden. Before planting, they must be reanimated. - put in water to restore the state of the roots.
You can add to the water stimulants rooting:
- drugs such as heteroauxin, "Kornevina", succinic acid;
- a teaspoon of honey;
- crushed leaf of aloe.
For better survival leave only 2-3 leaves on a bush. Here, the manifestation of pity is unjustified - through the leaf surface, the plant only loses water, which the roots are not yet able to deliver to the bush.
These seedlings will take root with big problems and get sick for a long time.
The roots should also not be too long. If they are shortened to 5-6 cm, they will even recover faster. Young roots contribute to the growth of the bush and its accelerated development.
Общее у пересаженной и отплодоносившей земляники (после сбора ягод) только одно - эти кусты нуждаются в " восстановлении="">. For this, foliar dressings are carried out with complex fertilizer for berries.
Their advantage over root nutrition - substances are absorbed by the leaves within a couple of hours and quickly begin to act.
However transplanted strawberries need not only potash and phosphate dressing. She needs to have time to maximize the mass of the bush to stock up on nutrients of photosynthesis products for the winter.
Nitrogen supplements after September strawberry benefits will not bring. The introduction of phosphorus is vital in the autumn dressing - the development of the root system depends on its presence.
Watering and strawberry fertilizer:
How to transplant?
If it was necessary to transplant garden strawberries within one plot, this can be done completely without harm to the plants:
- On the eve it is necessary to conduct high-quality watering (if the ground is very dry) in order to damage the root system less.
- On a new bed to dig a groove in a bayonet of a shovel depth.
- Shed with water, you can add fertilizer as needed.
- Shovel to cut clods of earth with strawberry bushes (the more the better).
- Immediately rearrange these bushes to the prepared place.
- Water and level the ground.
The bushes transplanted in this way will not lag behind in the development.
Not to worry about the winter hardiness of strawberry beds, around September you can feed it with phosphate-potassium fertilizers (and not just transplanted bushes!).
Supporters of organic farming can do even easier: as a fertilizer, scatter wood ash directly over the plants.
Ash overdose is impossiblebesides, ash scares off ticks and other pests. And the rains and snow will bring the solution into the soil.