Irga is a very unpretentious berry shrub. Its berries are valued for their healing properties, they are rich in vitamins. It is by using these berries that one can defeat a number of diseases, such as: avitaminosis, catarrhal and viral diseases, and a number of other. This berry is considered a long-liver, regardless of the place and growing conditions.
Basically, irga is used as an ornamental plant. In spring, it blooms very beautifully and smells sweet in the whole garden. Its white inflorescences are bait for bees, which is why later on it is well pollinated and fruited. And to get a healthy plant and a good harvest, you need the right care, starting with planting.
What time is it necessary to plant irgu
When choosing a planting date, gardeners should take into account climatic, zonal conditions.
The best time for planting seedlings in central Russia is autumn. Before the onset of the first frosts, the irgi seedlings, planted from mid-September - until early November, have time to take root and gain strength for wintering.Autumn is the most favorable season for planting an irgi
In the northern regions of Russia, the landing of an irgi should be postponed for spring. This is due to the early autumn frosts. And in the spring, when the soil begins to thaw a little, you can plant bushes that are in a dormant period. With the increase of sunshine and the onset of warmer days, the irga begins to dissolve its buds, without the risk of freezing.
An important condition for obtaining the maximum yield from the plant is the observance of optimal planting dates. If this autumn planting period is missed, but seedlings are prepared for planting, they can be saved until spring, using one of the methods proposed below:
- Plant in any container filled with sand or sawdustand store in a dark cool place. Better if it is a basement or cellar;
- Stick in the groundwhile tilting the saplings at an angle of 45 degrees from the soil and in winter fall asleep with snow;
- And the last way wrap in a bag and put in the place of the garden, where in winter a large snowdrift is formed.
When is it best to plant in spring or autumn?
According to the advice of experts, the best time to plant or transplant all fruit and berry plants is autumn. If the deadlines and rules of autumn planting are followed, the best planting material is used, your plant will easily take root.
Advantages of autumn tree planting:
- Autumn planting delivers little hassle, because it does not require frequent irrigation, fertilization. Autumn is a time of abundant moisture;
- More expedient and more profitable to buy seedlings in the fall, because it is during this period there is a large selection of planting material. The seedlings still have the last leaves, there is a well-developed root system, by which you can choose a healthy plant. Also, some vendors may demonstrate the ripened fruit of this plant;
- Planting in the fall save gardener's time in spring, so that he can do other garden work;
- The plant will suffer less damage, because at this time comes a period of peace.
But there are downsides when landing in the fall. These include:
- Very cold winters, with deep freezing of the ground, which can harm the root system of the seedling;
- In winter, often trees exposed to rodent invasions;
- Big trouble planted bushes can cause strong windsa rough snow crust formed, a small or large amount of snow falling;
Important rules when landing, the choice of location
If you have a garden plot, then when planting irgi, first of all it is necessary to determine the place. Shrub irgi over time grows heavily and will take a fairly large area in the garden, so you need to plant it so that it does not interfere with the rest of the fruit and berry plants in your garden. Also, irgi is observed abundant growth, which will eventually litter your site and cause inconvenience. It is better to plant irgu somewhere in the corner of the garden. Approximate distance from other trees from 2 to 5 meters.Irga - sprawling bush, so when planting should maintain a distance from adjacent plants 2 - 5 m
It is also necessary to take into account the types of soil on which your plant will grow. Although Irga is unpretentious to the types of soil, but nevertheless she does not like the close location of groundwater, since the root system goes deeper by 3-4 meters and will be in constant contact with moisture. This can lead to decay of the roots. Therefore, it is better to plant on light fertile soils. Such soils contribute to the minimum formation of root shoots.
When planting irgi important is the illumination area, she loves penumbra. With a strong shade the plant will be strongly drawn out with growth, the berries will be small and not sweet. They may even crumble without ripening.
How to plant a shrub
Irga breeds well as seeds and basal suckers. First you need to properly prepare the seedling for planting. It is better to choose a one or two year growth. You also need to select more healthy bushes, not damaged by insects and not broken off. Important when choosing a sapling are species and varieties of shadberry. When planting several plants, take into account the distance between them up to two meters.Irga desirable to plant seedlings at the age of 1-2 years in autumn
We have already mentioned that the choice of location and soil depends on the light, the presence of fertile soils, and the reserve of space around the tree.
How to start landing and further care
You need to dig a hole about two bayonet shovels deep, and a width of about 40 to 60 cm. Ground the earth gently to the side. Drainage can be placed at the bottom of the pit. (broken brick, medium-sized stones, broken slate), so that the moisture in the soil does not stagnate. In the hole, you can add sand, black soil. Further, it is necessary to pour a little bit of earth on the bottom of the hole in the form of a tubercle so that it is easier to place our seedling on it. Put irgu on this bump and spread roots along it. Further, we fall asleep with the ground, but so as not to bury the place where the trunk passes into the root system. The soil around the planted plant should be trampled and watered abundantly.
Many gardeners advise after planting pruned shoots up to 15 cmso that several buds remain on the branches.
We have already mentioned that irga is an unpretentious shrub. It does not require significant care. The main thing is watering as the earthen clod dries around the tree and fertilizer is applied. As a fertilizer used humus, potash fertilizers, superphosphate and organic mixtures.
Bush irgi very often grows thickened, so they are pruned. It is recommended to conduct pruning in the spring, when the sapga irgi did not start. Need to cut dry or poorly developed shoots of the tree. A couple of stems are removed annually, leaving young shoots in their place. Also, the tops of the branches are cut several centimeters to form a regular-shaped shrub, and also to avoid excessive thickening. They also cut the lateral root growth, so that it does not cause damage to other fruit trees on the site.The scheme of pruning and the formation of bush irgi
Pruning makes shadberry more attractive, and also contributes to better fruiting.
After cutting branches and shoots, it is necessary to close the cuts. This is done with the help of garden vara or paint on natural ingredients. Cut dry branches and fallen leaves should be removed from under the bush, it is necessary in order to protect the plant from pests that can start in old leaves.
Reproduction and transplanting
You can propagate irga in several ways:
- Root shoots;
- Division uterine bush.
SeedsYoung saplings of irgi obtained from seeds
When breeding seeds, you need to select the most mature, not damaged berries. Release the seeds. Mix them with sand, because they are very small. Seeds are sown in the fall in the prepared beds. It is important that the seeds are stratified, that is, hardened with cold. You can also sow the seeds in a dish with sand and stratify in a dark basement, occasionally moistening the sand. In spring, these shoots are planted in the ground.
Since irga gives a large number of lateral root suckers, this method is most common among amateur gardeners. Side stepson gently dig up from the mother tree to cut the root linking the main shrub with the offspring. Next, transfer the seedling to a new landing site and bury, in a pre-prepared hole.
Vaccination is one of the more difficult ways to reproduce. It is mainly used by experienced gardeners. Vaccination can be carried out in the spring time, after sap flow has begun.. Rowan is most suitable for stock.
CuttingsReproduction irgi green cuttings
For cuttings cut young shoots, about 20 cm. Young cuttings are cut from the leaves, but the top pair is left. It is necessary to hold such planting material for some time in a growth stimulant solution. Next we bury them in the sand up to 10 cm. We cover with a film. It is important that the sand does not dry out, occasionally we open the film for ventilation. After the cuttings take root, you need to transplant them to a permanent place.
When splitting the main bush, you can get several ready-made, well-rooted plants. Such a transplant is carried out in spring, before bud breaks, or in autumn, when the foliage will fall. Basically, this method is used when you need to replant a bush from one place to another.
Irga can be found in almost every garden. This is due to the fact that this plant is unpretentious in its cultivation, care and reproduction. Subject to all the rules of agricultural engineering, all gardeners get the maximum yield of this berry., which brings a lot of benefits to human health.