Gooseberry can be found at almost every site in the central region of Russia. Often gardeners think what sort to choose and plant. Let's try to understand together, having familiarized with the description of the most popular of them. Varieties are divided by many criteria Kolobok, Grushenka, Russian Yellow and Amber are most suitable for the Moscow region. The most frost-resistant are Beryl, Ural emerald, Consul and others. The largest fruits give varieties Defender, Cooperator, Leningradets and others. Possess excellent taste qualities - Honey, Captivator, Pushkin, Sadko, Affectionate, English, Masha and others. The gooseberry without thorns is the safest, besides, it is easier to care for it, the best and most popular varieties are the Eaglet, African, Gooseberry, and other.
Description of the most popular varieties for the Moscow region and central Russia
GrushenkaGooseberry variety Grushenka
Srednerosly shrub with drooping branches. There are practically no thorns on the shoots. Small berries, on average, weigh 5 grams, pear-shaped, and the color changes as the fruit ripens (from pale red to deep purple). The variety is perfect for growing in central Russia, it can easily endure frosts, winter cold and drought. It is immune to many diseases.
Russian yellowGooseberry variety Russian yellow
A low shrub with medium spreading, sprinkled with spikes throughout the area. Brings pear-shaped fruits of yellow color weighing up to 6 grams. Characterized by the presence of a thin wax coating. The variety has excellent tolerance to sudden changes in temperature, frost and drought. Self-infested, not affected by many common diseases.
AmberGooseberry grade Amber
Tall shrubs can grow to a height of 1.5 meters. The crown is thick and spreading, there are also many prickly thorns on it. But all these disadvantages are compensated by tasty and beautiful fruits. Berries are yellow-orange and oblong in shape, weighing 5-6 grams on average.. Amber gooseberry belongs to the early varieties and has a very high yield. Also, this shrub tolerates frost and drought.
Gingerbread ManGooseberry variety Kolobok
Medium shrub with thorns, which are located one by one, most often on the lower part of the branches. Fruits are large, their weight reaches 7 grams. The shape of the berries is slightly elongated, the color is pale red. The taste is pleasant, sweet and sour. Variety tolerates frost, resistant to anthracnose and powdery mildew.
The best large-fruited gooseberry varieties
DefenderGooseberry Variety Defender
A tall bush with strong branches and a crown of direct form. The mass of berries can reach 10 grams, their shape is oval-pear-shaped, burgundy, almost black. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour. Refers to late ripening varieties. The defender tolerates frost well, does not undergo powdery mildew.
CooperatorGooseberry variety Kooperator
A shrub of this variety has a medium height and sparse, slightly sprawling crown with a small number of thorns. On average, one berry weighs 7 grams, the shape of a pear, the color is dark red. Such fruits are dessert, they are very tasty and sweet. Up to 5 kilograms of crop can be harvested from one bush, the ripening period is medium late. Another feature of the variety is resistance to cold and fruit rot.
LeningradetsGooseberry variety Leningradets
The bush is of medium height with a semi-sprawling crown, spikes are almost absent. The berries are large in size, their weight can reach 10 grams, the shape resembles an inverted egg, the color is dark red. The taste of gooseberry sweet and sour. One bush can be harvested up to 7.5 kilograms of the crop, the average maturity. Shrub winter-hardy, medium exposed to powdery mildew.
SpringGooseberry variety Spring
Shrub medium growth with a compact, neat crown. On average, fruits weigh 5-6 grams, but their weight can reach 8 grams, the shape is round-oval, color is dull, yellow-green. The taste of these berries is very pleasant, sweet, they are suitable for fresh use, and for all kinds of processing. The variety is resistant to frost and fungal diseases, is distinguished by its ability to reproduce the crop, even under adverse climatic conditions.
The best winter hardy gooseberry varieties
BerylGooseberry cultivar Beryl
Srednerosly shrub with a neat crown. Thorns are present on the bottom of the shoot. The weight of berries can reach 8-9 grams, the shape is spherical, the color is light green. The taste of fruit is dessert, highly appreciated by professional tasters. One bush brings up to 9 kilograms of crop. and can survive the cold to -36 degrees. Also, the variety is resistant to fruit rot.
Ural EmeraldGooseberry grade Ural emerald
Medium shrub with a small number of thorns on the shoots. Berries are characterized by lack of pubescence, their weight can reach 8 grams.. This variety got its name due to the bright color of fruits with a dessert taste and a pleasant aroma. The first harvest can be obtained for 3-4 year of life, ripening medium early. Frost resistance is high, such a shrub can withstand cold to -37 degrees.
ConsulGooseberry variety Consul
Another name for this variety is senator. Medium-sized bush with a dense crown, on which there are practically no spikes. The berries are large, their weight can reach 6 grams, the color is maroon, almost black. The peel of the fruit is very thin, so they do not tolerate transportation. Also in such berries there are very few seeds, thanks to which they make excellent jam. The shrub tolerates frost well to -37 degrees. In the first years of life, the Senator produces little yield, but over time, this figure increases by 2-3 times.
BelorussianGooseberry grade Belarusian
A small bush with a compact crown, on which a lot of sharp thorns. Spherical berries weigh no more than 8 grams. The color is bright green. The taste is very pleasant, sweet, the peel of the fruit is thin, and the flesh is juicy and tender. The grade belongs to old selection, possesses very high frost resistance (to-39 degrees). The crop ripens in average terms.
KrasnoslavyanskyGooseberry grade Krasnoslavyansky
The bush is of medium height, slightly sprawling, the crown is rare, there are thorns on the shoots. The berries are quite large, the maximum weight can reach 9 grams, the shape is round, the color is saturated - red. On the skin, there are practically no pubescence. The taste of this gooseberry is dessert. The first crop can be harvested in the second year of the plant’s life, but over time, this indicator becomes larger and reaches 6-7 kilograms. Also, the variety is very cold resistant, resistant to powdery mildew.
The best ballless varieties of gooseberry
EagletGooseberry variety Eaglet
Medium shrub with a neat and small crown. The lack of thorns makes this variety one of the most popular among gardeners. On average, one berry weighs 4-6 grams, the color is almost black. Differs in the presence of a light military raid and a pleasant sweet-sour taste. The crop ripens in early terms, the bush annually and plentifully fructifers, is steady against frosts and fruit rot.
AfricanGooseberry grade African
Medium sized bush with no spikes. The berries are not large, round shape, dark purple. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour, with light notes of black currant. Shrub begins to bear fruit in 2-3 years after planting, has good winter hardiness and resistance to many diseases. There is a risk of infection with anthracnose.
North captainGooseberry grade North captain
One of the most popular varieties of gooseberry. Bush tall with a narrow, neat crown, the branches of which grow strictly upwards. The berries are dark, almost black, their weight can reach 4 grams. The taste of the fruit is pleasant, with a slight sourness. Crop ripening period is medium. With proper care from one shrub can remove up to 12 pounds of fruit. Among other things, the Northern captain tolerates frost well, drought and does not suffer from many diseases.
Ural BearingGooseberry grade Ural Bearing
Medium shrub that brings bright green, large (up to 8 grams) oval-shaped fruits. The variety is medium late, there is no pubescence on the skin, the fruit pulp is sweet and pleasant to taste. The variety tolerates frost well, but it can start dumping berries early, which will lead to a loss of harvest. Gooseberries are recommended to be harvested a little earlier than its full maturity. In addition, the lack of thorns will make this process even easier and more pleasant.
Gooseberry beshipnyGooseberry beshipny
The bush is vigorous, but at the same time its crown is very compact, and the branches grow predominantly upwards. On average, berries weigh 5 grams each, have a drop-like shape and a light red color.. The taste of the fruit is pleasant, sweet with a barely noticeable sourness. The variety tolerates winter cold and is not exposed to powdery mildew.
Gooseberries are very fond of both adults and children. Choose a suitable variety for themselves can resident of any region, you can also pick up berries to taste, size and other indicators. Modern market offers a huge variety of different varieties of gooseberry.