In recent years, many farmers have kept decorative hens on their farms. Cochinquin is one such breed. These birds have not only great appearance, but also excellent taste of meat. A detailed description of the breed and photos of its varieties can be found below.
General description of the breed and conditions of chickens
Cochinquins are beautiful chickens with an original appearance. Body type these birds are large and massive, which distinguishes them from other breeds. Another feature is the chic and fluffy tail of the roosters, and completely feather-covered legs. The head of these birds is small, the transition from the neck to the shoulders has the form of a strong bend. The color of the beak is yellow.
Chickens of this breed are calm and do not cause trouble to farmers, reviews of which can be viewed below. Kokhinkhinov not meet on large poultry farms. More often they are kept in homestead farms as decorative chickens.
Cochinquins, like Orpingtons, do not know how to fly, so they may not build high fences.. These chickens winter well in non-insulated poultry houses. Make sure that the room was not high humidity, as this will negatively affect the condition of feathers on the legs. These chickens live quietly in the cages, but farmers almost do not use this content of the Cochin breed.
Characteristics of growing productivity
The main direction of the breed Cochin - meat. Here is main characteristics of chicken productivity:
- females reach weight 4 kg, males - 5 kg (Dwarf Cochinquins weigh no more than 1.2 kg);
- one chicken per season gives up hundreds of eggs, and during the winter period egg production increases;
- average the weight of each egg - about 55 grams, the shell is painted in a light brown color.
Breed species, photos and videos
Thanks to the hard work of breeders, there are currently several varieties Cochinquins. Let us consider in more detail the description of each of them.
Chickens with this color are most common. The plumage has a bright and saturated yellow color, so they are often called Kochinqui fawn, but the tail is slightly darker. The beak should have the same shade in which the feathers of the bird are painted. Any white, black or other blotches are considered marriage, such chickens do not take part in breeding.
Blue Cochinquins - unusual and beautiful chickens. Feathers and tail are painted evenly. Wings, neck, head may have a black color. Allowed white color fluff. The beak is yellow. Marriage is the presence of white markings in the tail, and a yellowish tinge of feathers.
In the Cochinquin breed, black color is common. All feathers, including the stem, should be black with a slightly greenish tinge. Undesirable purple reflux. The color of the fluff may be white, but only if it is not visible from under the main pen. The beak of birds is yellow or dark. Marriage is considered to be a brownish tint of a feather.
Chickens of such a motley color are less common. The head of the cocks is striped, painted in brown-red color. Feathers on the neck should be rich golden. Each feather has a black longitudinal stripe. Fly feathers must be brown on the outside and black on the inside. The chest, tail and abdomen are black-brown, the down is gray.
Chickens are not so saturated. Their plumage should have a uniform golden brown color. On each feather there is a border repeating its outline. The neck and tail are darker than the main color (closer to black).
Marriage of partridge considered the presence of red or red in color (roosters), the lack of characteristic rims on feathers, white blotches, light belly and chest.
Cochins of such color should have absolutely white plumage. Any extraneous inclusions are not allowed. Individuals that have feathers of a different color are necessarily excluded from breeding. The beak and tarsus of the white Cochins are yellow.
Dwarf Cochin Quinces
Dwarf Cochinquin is a separate independent breed. Such chickens are considered decorative. Like the standard Cochinchina, these birds have a strong build, lush plumage and various colors: white, black, birch, striped, brown, marble.
The maximum weight of an adult rooster is 1.2 kg, and the chickens, 800 g. Dwarf Cochinchins carry only about 80 eggs per year, and the weight of one egg does not exceed 30 grams. The shell, like the standard Cochinquins, is light brown.
Features breeding and nutrition
Chickens of this breed adapt to any conditions of detention, so there are no new requirements for the arrangement of housing. Cochinquins hibernate well in ordinary unheated rooms. There is only one feature - the roosts should not be high, as these chickens do not know how to fly.
The Cochinchino diet is not different from other breeds.However, farmers should remember that because of their calm temper these chickens are prone to obesity. If your birds are gaining extra weight, you should limit their food.
If the chickens feed on feed, it should be in the trough constantly. In summer, the bird eats green fodder with pleasure, in winter they are replaced with crushed hay. It is useful to give germinated grain to chickens. Let the bird boiled carrots (you can replace the pumpkin), potatoes.
Also in the diet includes the following ingredients: cake, flour (meat and bone, fish, bone), grain (crushed and whole), fodder yeast, bran. Be sure about the feeders for adult birds in a separate container should be gravel.
Growing Cochin breed is currently aimed at preserving and improving the existing livestock. In the breeding work using only the most prominent representatives.
Treatment of diseases
Cochins, like any other birds, are susceptible to many diseases. Here are the most common ones:
- Salmonellosis. Symptoms: indigestion, weight loss, reduced egg production. The disease is treated with antibiotics, sick birds are isolated, the rooms are treated with disinfectants.
- Tuberculosis. Symptoms: decreased appetite, lethargy, paralysis of limbs, decreased productivity. Tuberculosis is rarely treated, because the drugs are expensive.
- Pasteurellosis. Symptoms: great thirst, lethargy, refusal to eat, feces becoming greenish-yellow with blood patches, foam can be released from the nose. Young animals die within a few days after the first signs. For treatment, chickens are injected with antibiotics and hyperimmune serum.
- Colibacteriosis Symptoms: lethargy, refusal to eat, mucous membranes acquire a bluish tint, birds begin to choke. There is no cure. Sick chickens are sent for slaughter, and furatsilin solution and antibiotics are drunk as a prophylaxis for health.
- Parasitic diseases. The main sign of the presence of parasites is diarrhea, sometimes mixed with blood. Such diseases are treated with antiparasitic drugs.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
The advantages of birds include: excellent taste of meat, unpretentiousness and endurance, increased egg production in the winter, developed hatching instincts for eggs, minimum requirements for walking size, beautiful and original appearance.
There are not many drawbacks to the Cochinquin breed. These include: a tendency to obesity, late ripeness, difficult breeding work (it is almost impossible to maintain the breed qualities at the required level at home, so chickens will probably not have to be sold), the high cost of the young.
Poultry farmers reviews
Farmers celebrateCochins are similar to the Brahma breed, but have a little more weight. A small egg production is a significant minus for many poultry farmers. Due to the fact that there are very few chickens of this breed, it is sometimes difficult to find a truly thoroughbred bird. Farmers advise purchase chickens only on breeding farms.
Chickens breed Cochin will become main decoration your personal subsidiary farm. They are unpretentious, calm and peaceful, in addition, their meat has excellent taste.