The development of breeding allowed to create completely new varieties of vegetables and fruits, and even with the given parameters. Tomatoes, perhaps, the favorite "field for experimentation" of breeders. Tomato "Cosmonaut Volkov" - the fruit of amateur breeding, awarded the title of "the most delicious tomato in the world" on one eminent competition, below in the article we consider its characteristics and description.
Description and characteristics of tomato Cosmonaut Volkov
The origin of this hybrid has a prehistory: amateur breeder I. M. Maslov, in the past, an engineer of space technology, after retirement he started breeding new varieties. One of the tomatoes he received, a handsome hero, Maslov gave the name "Cosmonaut Volkov" in honor of his friend-hero.
"Cosmonaut Volkov" - indeterminate type hybridi.e. bush growth is not limited and can reach a height of 1.6m to 2m or more.
On a single stem along the entire length, the formation of brushes takes place: the first is laid in the sinus of an 8-9 leaf, and then - every 2-3 leaves. On the hands, an average of 3 to 7 ovaries are formed. For the season with one bush can be obtained up to 7 kg of tomatoes.
Sugary, very sweet and fragrant, large fruit - from 200 to 400g on average, but lower instances can reach mass 600-800g.The variety has large fruits, average weight is 200-400 grams.
The shape of the fruit is rounded, the fruit stem is ribbed. Color may be different - from yellow orange to red. Fruits contain up to 4.5% sugar, about 7% of dry substances (i.e. all useful substances, except water).
Tomatoes of this variety are recognized leaders in a balanced content of sugars and acids, high content of vitamins.
This grade is intended for growing in a greenhousewhere you can get the highest yield, but in a warm climate with a long summer, the tomato "Cosmonaut Volkov" also gives a good result. This is due to the fact that the hybrid belongs to the mid-early varieties, the term of maturation is 120-130 days.
Tomatoes can be harvested immature, milky-brown in color, and then poured, to acquire even greater sweetness.
Main advantages and disadvantages
Very many gardeners choose this variety for planting both in open ground and in greenhouses. Negative reviews practically does not occur, who tried to grow a tomato, note the following advantages:
- great taste and aroma of fruits;
- very large size of tomatoes;
- high yield;
- good disease resistance.
Indeterminant tomato "Cosmonaut Volkov" great for growing in greenhouses, greenhouses and gardens. In this case, apply the usual agrotechnical techniques, but still there are some features of care precisely for this variety.
Seed and soil preparation
We start with the preparation of seeds for sowing. To do this, you need to calibrate, process the solution of manganese and harden. Calibration is to select very large, healthy, symmetrical grains.
After selection, the seeds need temperso that occasional cold snaps or frosts are not terrible for future seedlings. To do this, the seed is wound in a damp cloth, cleaned for a couple of days in a cold place - on the balcony, in the refrigerator, but the temperature should not be below +1, +2 degrees. Sow seeds in the ground without drying.Seeds Tomato Cosmonaut Volkov
Seeds can process solution of potassium permanganate (this is the easiest, most affordable, and at the same time effective way). Planting material should be put in a gauze bag and dipped in a pale pink manganese solution for 2 hours. This will kill bacteria, fungal spores, and prevent seedling diseases at an early stage of growth.
The soil is prepared as usual for any seedlings - 1/2 soil, 1/2 humus, you can add 1 cup of ash to a bucket of prepared soil. Sleep it in wooden boxes for seedlings or plastic containers / cups with drainage holes.
Planting plants in open ground can be made when the probability of frosts is completely excluded, and not earlier than 60-65 days after seed germination.
Each gardener can calculate approximate dates of sowing of seeds, taking into account local weather conditions, they usually fall out mid-end March.
Seeds are sown in tare at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other, buried by 1-1.5 cm, the soil is slightly moistened and cleaned in a warm, well-lit place.Growing seedlings must be done in a warm, well-lit place.
With the emergence of the first shoots seedlings need to feed. It is best to use complex fertilizers, potash.
When the sprouts appear 2 true leaves, their divingby pinching the root in a separate container. If you plan to grow tomatoes in the greenhouse, you can put in a permanent place. On one square meter, 2-3 plants are placed, if the bushes form into 1 stem - 4 plants.
This variety of tomatoes is unpretentious to the soil, but since the plant is tall, has a high yield, large fruit, additional feeding is necessary, and in several stages. Carry it after landing in the ground during flowering and formation of ovaries.
The main care for adult bushes is timely feeding, removing weeds, loosening the soil after watering.
Be sure to conduct cradlei.e. removing side shoots and tying bushes so that they do not get damaged by the weight of the fruit. At the end of July, you can pinch the main stem, so that the plant directs all its forces to the growth and ripening of fruits.
The Cosmonaut Volkov tomato is resistant to typical diseases, but it is necessary to monitor the health of the bush and the fruits and to carry out preventive treatments in time with the usual drugs, boric acid.
Tomato "Cosmonaut Volokov" has the best qualities of tomatoes: excellent taste, yield, unpretentiousness. Many gardeners prefer this variety in order to enjoy the taste and aroma of sugar fruit, for which it is worth trying to grow this crop.