Potato varieties Luck - early ripe. Beautiful presentation. It is popular among summer residents, as well as in demand among buyers.
Characteristics and description of potato varieties Luck
Potato varieties Luck appeared in 1994 in the GNU VNIIKH im.A.G.Lorkha. Breeders have created unpretentious, high-yieldingadapted to different climatic conditions and soil grade.
Lucky tubers according to the description are round or oval, with a small number of eyes. The skin is thin and smooth. Skin color: yellowish or brown.
Bush of medium height, with dense dark green foliage. Flowers - white, sepals bent to the bottom. Abundant flowering varieties.
Tuber weight reaches 90 - 130 g. Vegetation period lasts 70 - 80 days.Good Luck Tuber Weight - 90-130 grams
- early maturing
- drought resistant;
- resistant to lodging;
- with excellent taste.
In addition, it is distinguished by:
- the number of tubers from 1 culture - 10-15;
- starch content - 12-14%;
- yield from 1 bush - 1.7 kg;
- yield from 1 ha - 1.5 t;
- marketability - 88-97%.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- immunity to low temperatures. Germination of tubers begins at a temperature of +10.
- quick tying tubers. After 45 days early potato digging for cooking. It has a pleasant taste.
- ripening in a short time;
- immunity to many diseases. Not affected by viral diseases.
- resistant to mechanical damage. Especially when collecting and transporting.
- high yielding;
Among the shortcomings: susceptibility to late blight and stem nematode, demanding of the soil. - History of breeding
2-3 weeks before planting, we germinate seeds in the light. Planting material is placed in boxes or on a tarpaulin in one layer, giving access to natural light. In the light of the tubers turn green, which further positively responds to growth and immunity to disease.
Choosing tuber crops medium size. Large tubers are cut into two parts, so that at each half was at least 3 - 4 sprouts.
In late April - early May planted potatoes in the ground. Planting root crops in cold ground reduces the yield by 2 times. The optimum soil temperature for seeds is 10 degrees Celsius.Seeds of the Luck variety are planted in the ground at the end of May.
For potatoes, there is a rule that has been checked for centuries: they plant not earlier than the leaves on the birch plant, but no later than the bird cherry blooms.
Potato varieties Luck unpretentious to the ground. It grows on different types of soil: clay and sandy, chernozem and loam.
The plot is prepared in the fall, contribute organic. Predecessors for culture - cabbage, cucumbers, melons. Do not plant potatoes in the garden after tomatoes, because they belong to the same family of nightshade.
In the spring, before planting, they re-dig the soil, bring in ash and mineral fertilizers.
Ripening in a short time
There is an effective way to get ultra early harvest. Take peat or sawdust box, watered and planted seed tubers. The formed plant is planted on a bed in two weeks. However, gardeners use this labor-intensive technology rarely.
- Sprouting tubers in sawdust for early harvest
- On clay soils, planting in ridges is used.
On clay soils use landing on the ridges. Seed material is planted in the ridges, the height of which reaches 20 cm. The interval between them is 60 cm. This technology improves the heating of the seeds, breathability.
On chernozem applied smooth fit. Seeds are planted at a depth of 5-7 centimeters. The soil is not rolled, and harrowed rake.
The vegetative period of yield lasts approximately 75-90 days. However, already 45 laziness after planting, you can shoot a crop. For food, you can dig up bushes at the end of June.
This variety has a great harvest; it is possible to harvest from one bush from 12-20 tubers of potatoesthat is 1-2 kg.
It should be remembered that the green bush, tubers are still in the development stage. After harvesting, the potatoes must be dried in the shade.After collecting the variety, good luck should be dried in the shade
Scheme and time of landing
Air temperature and soil warming are the main indicators of potato planting in the ground.
Potato varieties Luck planted under the scheme 20 x 60 cm. In each hole contribute ash and humus. With the emergence of seedlings spud to protect from temperature changes. Used as covering material. The second loosening is carried out when the tops reach a height of 20 cm.
Loosening the soil, weeding weed - agricultural practices in the care of potatoes. It is recommended to loosen the soil after rain in order to improve the access of oxygen to the root system of plants.
Fertilizers and watering
Fertilizing culture is carried out at emergence of shoots, during budding and flowering.
At the first feeding, 1 tablespoon of urea and bird droppings is added, 0.5 liters of mullein per 10 liters of water. The second time the plants are fed with potassium sulfate (1st.l.) and wood ash (2-3st.l.) based on a bucket of water. During flowering, use 2 tablespoons of superphosphate and 1 cup of mullein per bucket of liquid. Solution consumption per bush - 500 ml.Top dressing potatoes
Potato varieties Luck undemanding for irrigation. Under adverse weather conditions (drought, heat), the area is watered using rainwater or standing water. Be sure to loosen after watering.
Pest and disease control
The potato variety Luck is immune to many diseases, but prone to phytophthora and stem nematode.
Increased humidity, density of potato planting - causes of late blight. Symptoms of the disease: appearance dark spots on leaves and stemsrotting tubers.
Prevention measures: regular weeding, crop rotation change. Control methods: treatment with copper-containing preparations such as Bordeaux liquid or copper oxychloride. Used in any phase of plant growth. Affected leaves and bushes destroy.Dark spots on the leaves - a sign of late blight
Stem nematode is characterized by pale leaves, thickening of the stalks of culture, bushiness and dark spots on tubers. To prevent disease, a tablespoon of ash is applied to the well during planting. Sick cultures clean.
In the fight against the Colorado potato beetle, they use both chemical preparations and folk remedies.
- Ash. Spray a mixture of ash (2 liters) with soap (piece) on a bucket of water.
- Wormwood. In a bucket of hot water, add 300 g of grass, a glass of ash and insist 3 hours.
- Poplar. Fill the leaves with half a bucket, add water, boil for 15 minutes. Top up to 10 liters, insist 3 days.
- Frightening "chatterbox". In a bucket of liquid, stir 300 g of soda and yeast, spray the plants 1-2 times a week.
- Colorado potato beetle against itself. Fill 500 ml jar of pests, pour in a 10-liter container, pour water, tightly closed. A week later, the infusion is used in a ratio of 1: 2.
Harvesting and storage
Before storage, roots are dried and sorted. Store in a cellar, a cellar at a temperature from + 2 to + 5 degrees.
Varieties Vilnia and Anoka formed the basis of the potato variety Luck. Potato varieties Luck - an excellent option for the garden.