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Planting and cultivation of watermelons and melons in the open field


Watermelon and melon are associated with the taste of summer, and every gardener dreams of growing delicious fruits on his land. Watermelon has long been used as a healing diuretic medicine to clean the body. Gourds are thermophilic and grow in a warm climate, so for their cultivation and planting watermelons in the open field you need to have special knowledge.

Be sure to know in advance whether it is possible to plant melons if a cucumber, pepper, pumpkin or zucchini grows nearby.

Is it possible to plant watermelons and melons nearby?

Gourds belong to the pumpkin family. Cultures are very useful and contain a huge amount of vitamins. If you learn how to grow these plants, you can get a high yield of delicious fruits.

Melon is quite suitable for the "neighborhood" with a watermelon. Plants tend to grow. It is not recommended to plant them together too close..

Gourds are prone to infection with various similar diseases. Therefore, if you plant near you need to understand the risks of the spread of diseases from one culture to another.
And melons and watermelons tend to grow

Proper seed sowing for seedlings at home

Seeds are planted on seedlings approximately 60 days before landing in open ground. So, in mid-March, the seeds must be purchased. You can buy them in any specialty store or ask those who have already managed to grow a quality crop of watermelons and melons.

From the seeds of last year's watermelon it is impossible to get a good harvest. The best seeds to plant- 5 years ago. It is important to understand that only early-maturing varieties suitable for our climate are ripening up to 70-85 days. It is better to give preference to hybrid varieties that are more adapted to adverse conditions.

When preparing seeds, make sure that they are not empty. For this, seeds are immersed in a container of water all that surfaced, you can safely throw. Watermelon seeds germinate more slowly than melon seeds. Therefore, watermelon seeds are recommended to be scalded with boiling water, for better germination and then sow.

Preparing for planting and soaking

  1. Soak. Every single type of seed needs to be wrapped and soaked in a cloth and maintain in a moist environment before germination. You can soak in special napkins.
  2. If the seeds have already hatch, but there is no way to plant them in a timely manner, you can leave the seeds in the refrigerator.

Sprouted at home, the seeds are planted in separate small pots with a diameter of 10 cm, preferably peat. The soil should be a mixture of: humus, sod land 3: 1, add peat, sawdust, humus 3: 1: 0.5.

Planted in each pot 2 seeds each to the depth 5 cm. To moisten the earth with a spray. Cover the container with cling film and place in a warm place +25 degrees.

To grow watermelon seedlings will take 40-45 days, and for a melon 30 days.
For the cultivation of watermelon seedlings will take about 40 days

Recommendations for growing

  • when the seeds germinate, transfer them to sunlight at a temperature +22 degrees. Remove the film;
  • the best place for seedlings is the window sill on the south side of the house;
  • a week after sowing, feed the seedlings with mineral fertilizers, and a week later - with mullein infusion with superphosphate.

Planting in open ground

When planting in open ground need to focus on the climatic conditions, the selected cultivar, readiness of seedlings.

Soil selection

Before planting melons in open ground, you need to choose a place for planting. Exotic plants love sunny places where there is no shade and wind.

Gourds like nutritious soil and sunny patches of land

Melons and watermelons need rich soils, as well as those that withstand moisture well. The ideal option is sandy and sandy sand with a pH of 6-7 units.

Preparation of the site produced in the fall. When digging make 4-5kg of manure per square meter, superphosphate 40g., Potassium salt 30 gr. and ammonium sulfate.

Watermelon seedling preparation

When the seedlings appear 5-7 leavesShe is ready to transplant in open ground. Best time - the end of May. However, you need to focus on weather conditions so that at night the temperature of the air will be +15 degrees.

A week before planting in open ground, seedlings need to be hardened to a daytime temperature of + 16 + 20 degrees.

The seedling is ready to transplant after the appearance of 5-7 leaves

The scheme of landing in an open ground - depth and distance

For planting in open ground, you must adhere to the following rules:

  1. In the garden should make holes in the distance 0.5-0.7 meters apart according to a checkerboard pattern. Between rows leave gaps of 70cm.
  2. Seedlings are placed in the wells so that the surface remains only a few top leaves. The soil should be pushed in and sprinkled around with sand to protect the plant from rot.
  3. Crop after planting should be watered with summer or slightly warmed water.
  4. To protect a young plant from the scorching sun, you need to close the shoots for 2-3 days with moistened plastic or paper caps.
After 10-14 days after planting, you need to feed the crop with a solution of ammonium nitrate 20g per bucket of 2 liters for each bush. In the period of appearance of the buds need to feed melon infusion of mullein.
Saplings planted in a staggered manner at a distance of about half a meter

Features of growing melons

To ensure free access of oxygen to the roots, the soil must be constantly loosen to a depth of 10 cm. With the development of side loops culture spud. In order for the plant not to spend all the forces on the set of mass in the period of growth, you need to pinch the main stem. For the full development of melon three shoots are enough.

When the fruit ovaries appear, 2-6 of the strongest and largest specimens are left on the bush. To reduce the load on the whip the fruit is recommended to be tied into grids and hang on a pedestal. Fruits are placed on foil linings to prevent rotting.

When melons begin to sing, it is recommended to reduce watering to the very minimum. Thereby, it is possible to increase the concentration of sugars in the ripening fruits. To clean the fruit you need is already well matured.

To reduce the load on the whip the fruit can be hung in the net.

If watermelons will be further used for storage and transportation, it is better to take the berry not fully ripe.

The advantages of landing in open ground:

  • in warm weather can be achieved maximum ripeness fruits;
  • daily watering culture is not required;
  • You can increase the yield while respecting the basic rules for the selection of soil and planting seeds for seedlings.

Grow watermelons and melons in the dacha is quite real. Some even grow them in bags or greenhouses. If you follow all the recommendations, by the end of the summer you can enjoy the sweet, sugar fruits. The main advantage of growing melons in your garden is the absence of chemicals.