Today, not only professional farmers but also amateur gardeners successfully grow sweet peppers. Therefore, breeders are working hard on breeding new unique varieties of peppers, as well as trying to improve the old varieties. One of the popular varieties bred in the Soviet Union is sweet pepper Gift of Moldova.
The variety is characterized by high yield., resistance to diseases and pests and unpretentiousness in cultivation.
Despite the fact that the variety has existed for over 40 years, it is still in demand and popular in most regions of our country. This is evidenced by numerous rave reviews and professional vegetable growers, and ordinary gardeners.
The attractiveness of the variety, its technical characteristics, advantages and cultivation will be discussed further.
Sweet pepper Gift of Moldova: origin, description and technical characteristics
The variety was bred in the early 70s of the 20th century by Moldovan breeders. and immediately became widespread throughout the USSR.
Compact half-bush 50-60 cm in height does not require large space, special care and tying. It grows well in greenhouses and open beds.
With proper care from 1 square meter you can collect up to 5 kg of crop.
Fruits of elongated conical shape reach a mass of 80-90 grams. In technical ripeness pepper has a greenish-yellow color, in biological - bright red.
Ideal for stuffing, since the wall thickness does not exceed 0.6 cm, and the peppercorns themselves are about the same size.
Thanks to juicy slightly sweetish pulp with a characteristic taste, they can be used both fresh for dressings and salads, and for preparing a variety of blanks for the winter.Refers to medium-early varieties, does not require large space, special care and tying
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Sweet pepper Gift of Moldova popular due to:
- resistance to adverse weather conditions;
- resistance to most diseases of peppers, including Fusarium and various types of rot;
- growing opportunities in different climatic zones;
- compact arrangement of the bushes in the garden (which is especially important when grown in a greenhouse);
- unpretentiousness of plants in care (enough standard procedures - dressings, weeding, watering);
- good yield;
- excellent transportability of ripe fruit;
- long-term storage;
- excellent taste.
The variety has almost no flaws., if you follow all the rules for planting seedlings and caring for adult plants:
- timely watering;
- loosen the ground and remove weeds;
- cut ripe fruit (and not tear them together with the stalk);
- feed 2-3 times during the growing season with fertilizers.
Planting seeds and growing seedlings
To grow healthy and strong plants you need:
- Properly prepare the ground for seedlings. It is desirable to take the soil from the site where peppers will later grow. If the soil is clay - add a little sand, humus and peat. Cooked earth should be well breathable and air permeable.
- Prepare the seeds. The deadline for planting seeds depends on where the pepper is constantly planted. The growth period of seedlings averages one and a half months, so for the greenhouse the seeds should be planted in mid-February, for open beds - after March 20. Before planting, seeds should be soaked in a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate for at least one day. It is recommended to plant the seeds immediately in separate pots or peat tablets, since the plants are very poor in diving.
- Harden seedlings. Caring for seedlings is timely watering, a sufficient amount of sunlight and maintaining the temperature. After the formation of 4-5 of these leaves, seedlings can begin to harden. Plants take out to the balcony for 15-20 minutes, then 30-40 and during the week bring the period of stay to 1.5-2 hours. Hardening allows the peppers to adapt to environmental conditions and transfer the planting to the garden without any serious consequences.
Planting in open ground
It is possible to transfer seedlings to a bed when the temperature of the air at night does not fall below 18-19 degrees. To seedlings normally developed in the air and on the surface of the soil should not be freezing.
Does not like pepper and cold piercing windstherefore, the beds should be selected in a draft-free and well-lit area.
The distance between the plants in the row can be reduced to 40-35 cm, the width of the row spacing can be 45-50 cm.
In each well, you can put a little fertilizer or humus and pour water abundantly until the well is completely filled.
When the water is absorbed a little, you should lower the pepper along with the peat pot or lump of soil into the hole. Wait until the rest of the water is absorbed and cover the hole with earth, deepening the seedling on the first leaves.For the southern regions, the landing time is mid-May; for the central and northern ones - the beginning of June
How to care for plants in the garden?
All care for sweet pepper Gift of Moldova comes down to several mandatory activities:
- watering - carried out by sprinkling until the ovary, then every plant is watered at the root until the end of fruiting;
- regular loosening - carried out in order to ensure access of air and moisture to the roots of plants;
- weed removal allows you to avoid the multiplication of pests and plant contamination with dangerous diseases - spotting and rot;
- top dressing - conventional and organic mixtures make it possible to get the maximum yield;
- timely collection of ripe fruits - allows the plant to form a new ovary, which significantly increases the yield.
Unpretentious in cultivation and resistant to diseases and pestsHe has proven himself in the conditions of the Russian climate.
At the same time you can get high yields not only in the southern and central regions of our country - the variety is successfully grown in the colder northern and eastern regions.