About the farm

Detailed description and cultivation of watermelon varieties chill


Watermelon Chill is an achievement of the Russian selection. It is successfully grown on collective farms and on small summer plots.. This variety of big berries is very popular due to its delicate, juicy and sweet taste and long shelf life. The description and characteristics of this variety are presented below.

General characteristics of watermelon variety Chill

Place of birth Kholodka - Russia Volgograd region. Sancha Klavdia Petrovna conducted experiments on the crossing of three varieties of watermelons at the Bykovskaya melon selection breeding experimental station, the result was a sort of chill. Watermelon treat mid-ripening varieties. From the moment the seeds are planted until the first fruits are received, it takes about three months. The yield is very high, with one hectare under favorable weather conditions, you can collect at least 30 tons of crop. A gardener can get 7 kilograms of watermelon from one square meter.

Watermelon Chill

This variety is suitable for growing in greenhouses and in the open field.. It is not necessary to allocate a very small space for watermelon, because as it grows, the plant will branch and grow in length.

The longest watermelon shoot Chill reaches a length of 5 meters.

Seedling leaves are bright green. The fruits are obtained in the form of a slightly elongated ball, weighing from 4 to 4.5 kilograms. The color of the peel is green in the mesh, the thickness is moderate. In the section, a ripe watermelon has a red, grainy, juicy flesh with a pink hue and a sweet taste.

Watermelon Chill is classified as medium-late ripening, its growing season is about three months

Watermelon gives a good yield throughout the middle belt of the territory of Russia: The Volga region, the South Urals, Astrakhan, the Volgograd region are ideal places for growing this sweet berry on an industrial scale.

Astrakhan became the center of the watermelon "industry" thanks to the decree of the Minister of Agriculture Alexei Gordeyev.

Despite the fact that this sort of watermelon tolerates low temperatures, it recommended for planting in regions with a warm climate and long summer. Harvesting takes place in late August.

Breeding history and region of growth

The history of the origin of watermelon dates back centuries and originates from the Namib and Kolokhari desert. For the first time they were discovered by the Egyptians 4 thousand years ago.

Watermelon Chill is able to withstand low temperatures and stored until frost

In Russia, the berry came in the 8th century AD from India. At first, it was about the size of a large orange and had a slightly bitter taste. Then, after the cultivation began to resemble a modern watermelon.

Japanese breeders brought a square watermelon in order to facilitate its transportation.

The advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Watermelon Chill received widespread throughout the CIS countries. This is due to a certain number of its advantages:

  • Precocity;
  • Sweetjuicy flesh;
  • Nice appearance;
  • High yield;
  • Big shelf life from three to five months;
  • Resilience for transportation;
  • Well tolerated lowering air temperature.
Watermelon Chill is distinguished from other varieties in that it tolerates transportation very well.

Along with the advantages of this variety of berries has some disadvantages:

  • Requires large space. The length of the shoots reaches 5 meters.
  • Elevated side shoots, constantly have to monitor and delete it;
  • Loves warmth and light.
Watermelon is edible completely. From its skin you can make a very delicious marmalade or jam.

Planting seeds and growing conditions

In order to get a good harvest you need to have quality seeds for planting. Watermelon seeds Chill is very large at least 1.5 centimeters, slightly rough to the touch. Color is light brown or speckled.

From available we will choose the strongest. To do this, slightly add some salt water and drop the watermelon seeds there. Seeds remaining on the surface, throw out without any regret.

For disinfection of watermelon seeds before planting, they must be soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate

Then seeds should be decontaminated. To do this, they must be exposed to sunlight for seven days or heated in a dryer or on a battery at 55 degrees for three hours. For several hours, you can put the seeds in a weak solution of manganese, and then rinse thoroughly with water. Immediately before planting on seedlings or in the ground, they should be soaked in warm water for 24 hours.

It is not necessary to take the seeds for planting the first year of storage. The most suitable seeds are 4-5 years of age.

Seed preparation for planting should be dealt with given the climatic conditions of the place of residence. The closer to the north, the later landing:

  • Northern regions not earlier than May 15;
  • Southern region and forest-steppe approximately from May 6;
  • In the steppe regions from the end of April.

The soil for planting should be warm.otherwise the seed will just rot. Before planting seeds, the soil warms up. Planting seeds for seedlings should be carried out in containers filled with special soil at the end of April, if the resulting seedling is then transplanted into the hole under the film. For planting in open ground, the time for planting seeds should be shifted by two to three weeks.

Within a month, three or four full leaflets should appear on the seedlings. After that, they can be planted in open ground.

For planting seedlings well-protected from the wind and non-darkened area. Well, if before that it was grown potatoes, tomatoes or cabbage.

Watermelons love light, airy soil. In the sandy or sandy soil should be added humus. Between seedlings a distance of 70 centimeters should be maintained, and rows should be located 1.5 meters apart.. In the hole is placed on two plants. When planting, all leaves of seedlings should remain on the surface. Seedlings cover with foil and pour only with warm water.

Watermelon planting pattern


Watermelon is very afraid of weeds, so the "fight" with them must be carried out regularly. Watering should be done as the soil dries.

Avoid excessive watering, especially during the period of the ovary and ripening berries. Shoots will slow down and may die.

The soil around the seedlings need to constantly loosen and feed. Do not allow the growth of lateral shoots, they are removed. In several places, long shoots are slightly dug in the ground.

The first watermelon ovary Chill
With a large number of scabs on the lash, leave two - three berries, the rest of the fruit should be removed.

Top dressing

Feed the plant should be three times for the entire period:

  1. 2 weeks after disembarkation Prepare the mixture in a ten-liter tank with water from potassium salt, ammonium sulfate and superphosphate. We part additives according to the instruction;
  2. During the period of active growth prepare the same composition as for the first time, but in a lower concentration;
  3. At the beginning of the formation of ovaries. The same composition is used, but it is not added directly to the well. At a distance of 20 centimeters from them it is worth making small furrows and how to shed them.
You cannot use more than two liters of diluted fertilizer per well.

Seed collection

A gardener should be concerned about collecting the seeds of watermelons for planting in subsequent periods. You should not even try to collect seeds of hybrid varieties. Watermelon Chill does not apply to such, therefore You can safely prepare his seeds from the resulting crop.

Collecting watermelon seeds Chill

For this, it is worth leaving a few fruits to ripen. Then cut the watermelon and select the seeds only dark color. After that, we fill them with water, those seeds that have fallen to the bottom of the tank, are left for future crops, the rest are thrown away. The remaining seeds should be dried., for this purpose we arrange them on a clean piece of matter and leave it in the sun for 5-7 days.

Do not store harvested seeds in closed containers or plastic pacts. Best suited, usually cotton fabric.

Peculiarities of this variety

Basically, the yield of this variety is about 30-35 tons per hectare

Some interesting facts are connected with the variety chill:

  • When creating good storage conditions they will be able to feast on the New Year;
  • is he 92% water;
  • is he entered in the registry State selection achievements of the Russian Federation;
  • On one of the farms in the Volgograd region agronomists watermelon grown chill weighing 12 kilograms.
In 96 countries of the world, 1200 varieties of watermelons are grown.

Diseases and pests

It is often not possible to get a rich harvest with bahchi due to pests and diseases. Watermelon chill is highly resistant to powdery mildew, fusarium and anthracnose.

But you can get a bad harvest or completely lose it, if you do not pay attention to the following diseases and pests:

  • Gourd aphid;
  • Larva of a sprouting fly;
  • Spider mite;
  • Sclerotinia or white rot;
  • Bacteriosis or angular spotting;
  • Fusarium wilt;
  • Mealy Rossa;
  • Root rot and other diseases.

It is worth fighting pests with the help of generally accepted measures: removal of the affected area, spraying with specialized chemical solutions, or house broths based on onion peel or tar soap.

It is much more difficult to fight plant diseases. The whole shoot will have to be torn out and destroyed, and the place of growth must be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. therefore it is better to carry out preventive measures before planting seeds in the ground:

  • Light earth powder lime;
  • Shedding soil before planting weak manganese solution;
  • Chemical treatment of soil fentiuram composition, karatan suspension;
  • Seed treatment before planting: warming and keeping in a solution of manganese.

Grow a tasty and juicy watermelon Chill is not difficult. It will require only a little attention and care.. But on the other hand, towards the end of August, you can please yourself and your family with tasty, ripe fruits. Tap the berry lightly, hear a deaf sound, pick a watermelon and enjoy the red, juicy and fragrant flesh.